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Non-truth and Reconciliation in Indonesian Peacebuilding

John Braithwaite, Valerie Braithwaite, Michael Cookson, Leah Dunn.

ISBN 9781921666223 $29.95 (GST inclusive)
ISBN 9781921666230 (Online)
Published March 2010

Anomie and violence

Indonesia suffered an explosion of religious violence, ethnic violence, separatist violence, terrorism, and violence by criminal gangs, the security forces and militias in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By 2002 Indonesia had the worst terrorism problem of any nation. All these forms of violence have now fallen dramatically. How was this accomplished? What drove the rise and the fall of violence? Anomie theory is deployed to explain these developments. Sudden institutional change at the time of the Asian financial crisis and the fall of President Suharto meant the rules of the game were up for grabs. Valerie Braithwaite’s motivational postures theory is used to explain the gaming of the rules and the disengagement from authority that occurred in that era. Ultimately resistance to Suharto laid a foundation for commitment to a revised, more democratic, institutional order. The peacebuilding that occurred was not based on the high-integrity truth-seeking and reconciliation that was the normative preference of these authors. Rather it was based on non-truth, sometimes lies, and yet substantial reconciliation. This poses a challenge to restorative justice theories of peacebuilding.

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Pioneers, Settlers, Aliens, Exiles Anomie and violence - Whole Book (1.8 MB) PDF

  1. Healing a fractured transition to democracy
  2. Papua
  3. Maluku and North Maluku
  4. Central Sulawesi
  5. West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan
  6. Aceh
  7. First steps towards a theory of peacebuilding

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John Braithwaite - Biography

John Braithwaite is an Australian Research Council Federation Fellow and Founder of RegNet (the Regulatory Institutions Network) at the Australian National University .

He is embarking on a 20-year comparative project called 'Peacebuilding Compared', with Hilary Charlesworth, Valerie Braithwaite and Kate Macfarlane. In the past he has worked on a variety of areas of business regulation and on the crime problem. His best known work is on the ideas of responsive regulation and restorative justice.

John Braithwaite has been active in social movement politics around these and other ideas for 40 years in Australia and internationally. His most recent book is Regulatory Capitalism: How it works, ideas for making it work better (2008).

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